Welcoming the start of Ramadan
2020 - April, Latest news
Wishing all of the PA Housing community observing the sacred month of Ramadan a happy and fulfilling journey in these uncertain times. Togetherness will keep us moving forward.
What is Ramadan?
Ramadan is the ninth and holiest month of the Islamic calendar. According to tradition the holy book of the Quran was revealed to the prophet Muhammad during Ramadan. Muslims use this month to focus on their connection to God, reflect on their lives, giving to charity and spend quality time with friends and family. Fasting during Ramadan is also one of the five pillars of Islam.
When is Ramadan 2020?
The exact dates of Ramadan change every year. This is because Islam uses a calendar based on the cycles of the Moon. Ramadan 2020 in the UK will begin in the evening of Thursday 23 April and will end on Saturday 23 May.
Why do Muslims fast during Ramadan?
Muslims believe that fasting teaches them to practice self-discipline, self-control, sacrifice, and empathy for those who are less fortunate, thus encouraging actions of generosity and compulsory charity (zakat).
What are the rules of fasting?
Muslims fast every day from sunrise to sunset for 30 days. Everyone is expected to participate, although there are some exceptions for those who are ill, pregnant, nursing, menstruation or travelling, as well as for young children and the elderly. Drinking liquids, smoking, and engaging in sexual activity are all prohibited during the fast. Once the fast is complete Muslims break their fast by eating dates and drinking Zam-Zam* water.
How will the Covid19 pandemic change Ramadan for Muslims?
With strict curfews and physical distancing directives enforced to limit the spread of the highly contagious COVID-19 disease, many of Ramadan's rituals and traditions will be curtailed this year. This will include staying at home to pray rather than visiting the mosques and congregating for prayers, eating at home rather than sharing meals as a community.
The end of Ramadan is marked by a big celebration called 'Eid ul-Fitr' (the Festival of the Breaking of the Fast).
Muslims are not only celebrating the end of fasting, but thanking Allah for the strength he gave them throughout the previous month.
Mosques hold special services and a special meal is eaten during daytime (the first daytime meal for a month).
During Eid ul-Fitr Muslims dress in their finest clothes, give gifts to children and spend time with their friends and family. Muslims will also give money to charity at Eid.
*Zam-Zam - Water from the Zam-Zam well located in Makkah, Saudi Arabia. Scientifically been proven to possess healing qualities due to its higher content of calcium and magnesium salts and also the natural fluorides that encompass a germicidal action.